Grapes - Blends
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EXPLORE GERMANY'S WINE REGIONS IN STYLE Germany's vineyards are located in the country's western region on hills overlooking the River Rhine. The oldest vineyards date as far back ... moreas the Roman era. Almost 102,000 (1,020km2) hectares of German land is dedicated to vineyards. Germany produces around 9 million hectoliters of wine annually. That's nearly 1.2 million bottles making Germany the eighth largest wine producer worldwide.

German wines range in taste from dry to semi-sweet and sweet wines, rose wines, red wines and sparkling wines. Riesling is a key ingredient in the low-alcohol white wines made here. Unfortunately, red wine vines haven't achieved much success in Germany.

Wine enthusiasts can enjoy wine tours through old-world style vineyards throughout the year. However, summer and fall tend to be popular seasons for wine tours. Popular wine routes can be found throughout Germany since almost every town, city or village hosts their own wine festival. Tourists can choose from over 1000 wine festivals to attend. Festivals are an excellent way to taste a variety of wines and experiencing German culture.

Wine routes are designed to allow tourists to experience the very best of Germany's scenery. The first tourist wine route in Germany is the historic Pfalz Wine Road. Wine routes in most regions are clearly marked. Tourists and visitors to wine regions should take note that drinking and driving in Germany is prohibited by law.

Popular wineries to visit include:
1. Mosel-Saar-Ruwer Wineries,
2. Rheingau Wineries,
3. Rheinessen Wineries and
4. Pfalz Wineries.

Tourists can choose from organized and self-guided wine tours to enjoy the pleasures of the countryside. Tours here include boat cruises that pass medieval castles and vineyards along the River Rhine. You can also go kayaking down the Mosel, Saar and Ruwer rivers. Bicycle tours through wine regions are another common sight in this European country.

Air travelers who land in Frankfurt can explore Germany's south and south western wine regions. This region has a rail and bus service and public transportation.
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Riesling, Beer, Gin, Eau-de-Vie
The first vineyards were planted in Mosel in the vineyards in the 2nd century AD. Germany is now home to the world's most famous Riesling varietals. Wine produced in wine is renowned ... morefor its pleasant aromas, acidity, and complexity.

Riesling vines are nurtured on steep slopes in slate-rich soils producing wines with notes of peach, honey, floral, citrus, hints of gasoline), spritz, and high, sharp acidity. The German border of France and Luxembourg is blessed with a cool, continental climate making it one of the most renowned German wine regions. The best terroir for vineyards are found along the shores of the winding Mosel River and its smaller tributaries, the Saar and Ruwer, previously known as the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer.

The highest vineyards grow on steep, south-facing hillsides with as much as 70% gradient. The rain washes down highly sought-after slate topsoil and vineyard workers spend spring time salvaging pieces of slate to place on the vines, since locals believe it adds flavor to grapes.

Harvesting grapes by hand is an age-old practice that produces the clean, pure flavors associated with Mosel Riesling. Hand harvesting prevents damage to crops and helps preserve the color or Riesling wine which is light in color. This aromatic, medium bodied wine is characterized by notes of honey, floral, citrus, and peach with hints of spritz. Winemakers add forms of sugar such as fermented grape juice from the same vineyard, to balance the sharpness in Riesling wine to prevent dental damage.
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Riesling, Gin, Rare White Blend, Eau-de-Vie, Others
Rheingau, meaning Rhine district, measures just fifty kilometers end to end. Rheingau is just twenty minutes away from Frankfurt. One of thirteen designated wine districts, the Rheingau ... moreis famous for producing quality wines. Although this wine regions accounts for only 3% of the total German Viticultural Area, Rheingau has been the most innovative in terms of improving the winemaking process.

Grape Varietals in Rheingau
With just 3, 125 hectares (7, 720 acres) of vineyards (as at 2017) Rheingau leads when it comes to Riesling production. Spätburgunder (Pinot Nor) and Muller-Thurgau follow.

Climate and terroir in Rheingau
The Taunus Mountain Range is located north of the Rheingau resulting in vineyards being planted on its north-facing slopes. Rheingau is just as popular for its Rielsing varietals as Mosel. Wine produced in Rheingau varies based on vintage and vineyard location with notes of pear and spice, soft acidity and minimum hints of fragrance.

Almost 80% of vineyards is allocated to Riesling. Realistically, Rheingau is too far north and experienced bitterly cold weather making it the least ideal area to cultivate vineyards. Thanks to the Rhine River which deviates from its northerly journey stretching west into the Rheingau region. The river's winding path provides an idyllic southern slope where vines thrive. The Taunus Mountains on the north helps protect vines from freezing by shielding vineyards from the lethal polar winds.
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling, Gin, Rare White Blend
Named after the River Nahe, this wine region is known for producing small quantities of high quality dry and off-dry Riesling and red wine. The landscape is made up of orchards, meadows, ... moreand vineyards growing in various different soils and terrains. The combination of soil and dramatic terrain helps produce excellent Riesling especially on the steep slopes of the Nahe. The higher the vines are planted, the greater the exposure to the sun's rays. Nearly 27% of vineyards in Nahe grow Riesling. In recent times, modernization has had a negative impact on the Nahe Wine Region. This rural region's wine producers have struggled to keep up with modern technology resulting in the Nahe wine region losing some of its golden reputation.

Wines produced in Nahe are acidic, spicy, but also floral and peachy. It has been compared to a cross of Mosel and Rheingau. Despite the technological hurdles wineries face, Nahe are harder to find, and more expensive. These wines are described as being excellent in warmer years and are often dry with a touch of sweetness. Dönnhoff Rieslings have been praised as the best.
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Riesling, Pinot Gris
Reminiscent of France on both landscape and wine superiority, Pfalz has an excellent reputation as a leading producer of fine quality, valuable wine. Perhaps the shared French border ... moreon Germany's western border north of Alsace may have influenced Pfalz's wine producers to maintain their outstanding reputation.

Climate and Topography in Pfalz
After Rheinhessen, Pfalz has the second largest number of vineyards which yields the largest crops courtesy of its warm, dry climate. With the picturesque Haardt Mountains, a part of the Vosges Mountains in Alsace, in the West vineyards are protected from excessive exposure to natural elements. The mountains cast a rain shadow over vineyards minimizing damage caused by wet, cool westerly winds. Red grape vines in particular perform exceptionally well with 40% of total production being made up of Dornfelder and Blauer Portugieser. Riesling and Müller-Thurgau account for 60% of production.

The warm climate produces Riesling wine that is softer with less acidity and frutier notes that are sweet and dry. Since grapes are hand-picked and sun ripened, sugar is not added to wine like wines produced in Mosel and Rheingau.
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Rare Red Blend, Riesling, Rare White Blend, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
This wine region is envied for its large yields, different quality levels and famous for Liebfraumilch, a sweet wine produced from 0% Riesling, Müller-Thurgau, Silvaner, or Kerner. ... morePackaged in a blue bottle, Liebfraumilch challenges stereotypes of German wine. Quality of Rheinhessen wine varies according to region, terroir and viticulturists.

Climate and Terroir in Rheinhessen
The dramatic variation in the terroir of Germany's largest wine region casts the spotlight on the different quality of wine produced in Rheinhessen. The most coveted wines are produced from vines grown on steep slopes rather than rolling hills. Vineyards in Nierstein are planted within close proximity of the Rhine. Vines enjoy rich mineral deposits from the riverbanks which adds interesting notes to wines produced from Nierstein grapes.

Rheinhessen's famous "der roter Hang" region has a red slope area with red sandstone soil which is considered to be the terroir to grow superior quality vines used to manufacture wine of exceptional, unrivaled quality.

Grape Varietals Grown in Rheinhessen
Although Riesling is significant, the white Silvaner often overshadows it, as does Liebfraumilch (BLUE NUN) the nasty concoction that ruined the reputation of German wine with its cloying sweetness, low quality, and hodgepodge of flavorless, poorly raised grapes (yes, I did just tell you how I really feel about it.)
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Riesling, Rare White Blend, Pinot Gris, Dornfelder
This Bavarian regions name conjures up images of white wines produced in Silvaner and Müller-Thurgau bottled in green flagons (bocksbeutel) and red wines with earthy notes. ... more

Grapes that Perform best in Franken's Climate and Terroir
Franken produces 90% of its white wine mainly from Silvaner and Müller Thurgau grapes. The cold weather and abundant rainfall does not favor Riesling which is a late ripener. Grapes than ripen early perform best in Franken's cold, wet climate and enviable terroir. Vineyards can be found on hilly slopes clinging to the banks of the winding Main River and its equally curvy tributaries. In the west, red grape vines dominate vineyards. Wines produced from Franken's red grapes are full bodied with minimum aroma, earthy notes, and dominant acid with rich tannins.

Germany has many lesser known wine regions for wine enthusiasts to explore. Read on for more information on Germany's smaller wine gems.
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Riesling, Eau-de-Vie, Silvaner
Baden is ranked third in terms of yield and is reputed for large volumes of Burgundy grapes. More than 50% of vineyard acreage is dedicated to Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc, and Pinot Gris ... morevines.

Climate and Terroir in Baden
Baden is Germany's southernmost wine region. Baden's position between the Black Forest and Rhine River makes it Germany's warmest wine region with dry, warm, sunny days. The Black Forest and Rhine Rivers protects vineyards from the harsh continental winds.

Grape Varietals Grown in Baden
Burgundy grapes account for more than 50% of production of which Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir) is the most dominant followed by Grauburgunder (Pinot Gris) and Weissburgunder (Pinot Blanc). Baden still has a long way to go in terms of producing wines of exceptional quality.
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Others
Red grape vines dominate the hilly Württemberg wine region accounting for more than 50% of acreage. Vines are planted at latitudes of 48.7˚N which can be challenging for red grapes ... moreto ripen. Varietals that thrive in Württemberg include Trollinger which is mainly used locally, Schwarzriesling (Pinot Meunier which is used to manufacture Champagne) and Lemberger which is called Blaufrankisch in Austria. Most red grapes produce light, fruity flavored wines. Grapes that grow in coveted sites with ideal terroir are rich with spicy notes and full bodied.
Grapes - Blends:
Pinot Noir, Rare Red Blend, Riesling, Rare White Blend, Others