Nebbiolo Wine

Nebbiolo Wine

Nebbiolo grape, also known as Nebieul, is a red grape grown in the Piedmont region in northwestern Italy. Popular varieties of Nebbiolo are Barolo and Barbaresco. These wines have high acidity, a distinctive scent and high tannins which is compared to a mixture of tar and roses. Nebbiolo wines tends to lose their redness over a few years. Vintage Nebbiolo often fades from a deep ruby with violet tinges to a vibrant brick orange.

Nebbiolo is a common Piedmontese wine grape in Italy’s wine producing regions. Nebbiolo means fog in Italian. The grape is named after the fog which usually sets during late October when these grapes are harvested in the Langhe region. These grapes also develop a milky veil reminiscent of fog as it matures and this could be another reason for the name, Nebbiolo. This is a late-ripening variety which is usually harvested after the Barbera and Dolcetto crops in Piedmont.

Barolo, a powerful and intense wine is the most popular and revered Nebbiolo-based wine. However but faces increased competition from the perfumed, elegant wines from the northeastern region of Barbaresco to the northeast, which grew in popularity in the late 20th Century. The name Langhe Nebbiolo is given to wines produced outside Barolo and Barbaresco or, wine manufactured from young vines and less popular vineyards.

Across the Tanaro River, in Roero which is near Barolo, red wine praised for its high quality is produced. Roero red wines are much more affordable than Barolo and Barbaresco. White Arneis (Barolo Barbaresco) is added to Nebiolo to soften the tannins and austerity – an ancient, legal practice that is still exists in Roero. Most vineyards in Roero grow a mix of Nebbiolo. The Nebbiolo d'Alba, a third variety grows across the Tanaro River, extending from the south of Alba to Diana d’Alba.

Piedmont is well known for producing some of the most popular and expensive wines made purely from Nebbiolo. However, affordable blends can also be purchased. These are categorized as IGT Piemonte (Indicazione Geografica Tipica Piemonte). Some of these are Barbera (La Spinetta's Pin Monferrato Rosso) and Bordeaux variations.

Ghemme and Gattinara, located sixty miles (100km) northeast of Roero, is known for its Nebbiolo vineyards. Nebbiolo has also spread along the Lombardy regional border and into the Alpine region of Valtellina where it is known as Chiavennasca, and used to produce perfumed, dry wed wines and, the powerful Amarone-like Sforzato di Valtellina.

Nebbiolo is sensitive to terroir making it both an advantage and disadvantage. It is not as adaptable as Riesling and Pinot Noir which grow worldwide making it a Piedmont native. This fussy vine requires good drainage and a months of warm, sunny weather to grow. It is one of the first Piedmont varieties to flower and takes its time to ripen. Nebbiolo is vulnerable to poor weather conditions and does not do that well in spring and autumn.

Nebbiolo has displayed strong resistance to rot and mildew. But poor resistance to the root-destroying phylloxera mite which was introduced in Europe by American immigrants in the 1860s. When Piedmontese vineyards were replanted, the higher-yielding Barbera grew in popularity.

Despite being such a picky vine with specific terroir requirements, Nebbiolo is still in demand by the newer wine producers. Viticulturists have managed to cultivate small vines in the United States, South Africa, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Uruguay, New Zealand and Australia.

Nebbiolo is also knows as Chiavennasca, Spanna and Picoutener,.

Enjoy Nebbiolo with the following foods:
  • Herb-crusted roast lamb rack;
  • Smoked duck with wild mushrooms and,
  • Fresh spinach linguine with white truffle shavings.
Mostly used in below countries:

Italy 99%
Australia 0%
USA 0%
Mexico 0%
South Africa 0%
Argentina 0%
Uruguay 0%
Other 0%